Shabdsangrah

The title seems weird; the first thought that would have popped up in your brain, isn’t it? Well, ‘shabdsangrah’ is the Hindi word for dictionary.

Being the citizens of India, we aren’t really proud of our traditions or culture, leave alone the languages, or are we? As the generations are modernizing, the western culture is sneaking in. The western culture is the new fad. It has redefined our lifestyle and people are more into learning English than Hindi. The Hindi-speakers who don’t know how to speak English are looked down upon. English is a global language, learning it is as important, but at the cost of our own? But hey, do you know that many of the languages have borrowed words from Hindi and Sanskrit. So, that might be your first reason to be proud of your language.

Here is a list of some of the words borrowed from Hindi and Sanskrit:

Aryan
Meaning:
A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages
Origin:
आर्य, noble

Avatar
Meaning:
1. an incarnation in human form of a Hindu deity
2. an electronic image that represents and is manipulated by a computer user (as in a computer game)
Origin:
अवतार, decent of a deity from heaven

Bandanna
Meaning:
A large handkerchief usually brightly colored, worn around the head or neck
Origin:
बांधना, to tie

Bungalow
Meaning:
A house having one or more storey
Origin:
बंगला, a house

Bangle
Meaning:
A rigid ornamental band worn around the arm
Origin:
बांगड़ी, a type of bracelet

Bazaar
Meaning:
A market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls especially one in the Middle East
Origin:
बाज़ार, a street market

Cashmere
Meaning:
Fine downy wool growing in the outer hair of the cashmere goat. A soft fabric made out of this wool or similar fibers
Origin:
कश्मीर, a state in India

Chakra
Meaning:
One of the seven centers of spiritual energy in the human body according to yoga philosophy
Origin:
चक्र, wheel

Cheetah
Meaning:
A large wild cat that lives in Asia and Africa and that can run very fast
Origin:
चीता, variegated

Chit
Meaning:
1. A short letter or note
2. A small slip of paper with writing on it
Origin:
चिट्ठी, a letter or note

Chutney
Meaning:
A thick sauce that is made from fruits, vinegar, sugar and spices
Origin:
चटनी, to crush

Coolie
Meaning:
An unskilled laborer or porter
Origin:
कुली, a porter

Cot
Meaning:
A small collapsible bed often of fabric stretched on a frame
Origin:
खाट, a portable bed

Cummerbund
Meaning:
A broad waistband usually worn in place of a vest with men’s dress clothes and adapted in various styles of women’s clothes
Origin:
कमरबन्द, a waistband

Cushy
Meaning:
Very easy and pleasant
Origin:
ख़ुशी, happiness

Dacoit
Meaning:
A member of a gang of armed robbers
Origin:
डकैत्, a robber

Dharma
Meaning:
The basic principle of cosmic or individual existence
Origin:
धर्म, cosmic law

Dhoti
Meaning:
A loincloth worn by some men in India
Origin:
धोती, a loincloth worn by some men in India

Dinghy
Meaning:
A small open boat carried as a tender, lifeboat, or pleasure craft on a larger boat” A small rowboat
Origin:
डिंगी, a raft

Dungaree
Meaning:
Trousers or overalls made of sturdy denim fabric
Origin:
डूंगरी, name of a village where such fabric was made

Ghee
Meaning:
A clarified, semi-fluid butter
Origin:
घी, a clarified, semi-fluid butter

Guru
Meaning:
A teacher or guide
Origin:
गुरु, a teacher

Jaconet
Meaning:
A lightweight cotton cloth
Origin:
जगन्नाथ, a place in India where such cloth was first made

Jodhpurs
Meaning:
Full-length trousers, worn for horseback riding, that are close-fitting below the knee and have reinforced patches on the inside of the leg.
Origin:
जोधपुर, A city in India were such clothing was worn

Juggernaut
Meaning:
Something that is extremely large and powerful and cannot be stopped
Origin:
जगन्नाथ, a place in India

Jungle
Meaning:
An impenetrable thicket or tangled mass of tropical vegetation
Origin:
जंगल, a forest

Karma
Meaning:
The result of a person’s actions
Origin:
कर्म, deeds

Kedgeree
Meaning:
An Indian dish of seasoned rice, beans, lentils and sometimes smoked fish
Origin:
खिचड़ी, a mixture of rice cooked with butter and lentils

Khaki
Meaning:
A yellowish-brown color/cloth
Origin:
ख़ाकी, dust-colored

Loot
Meaning:
Something that is stolen or taken by force
Origin:
लूट, robbery

Maharaja
Meaning:
A Hindu prince
Origin:
महाराजा, a Hindu prince

Mandala
Meaning:
Any of various ritualistic geometric designs symbolic of the universe
Origin:
मंडल, a circle

Mantra
Meaning:
A mystical formula of invocation or incantation
Origin:
मंत्र, a sound, word, or phrase repeated while meditating

Nirvana
Meaning:
The final beatitude that transcends suffering, karma, and samsara and is sought especially through the extinction of desire and individual consciousness
Origin:
निर्वाण, salvation

Pukka
Meaning:
Genuine, authentic
Origin:
पक्का, cooked, ripe, solid

Punch
Meaning:
A drink that is usually a combination of hard liquor, wine, or beer and nonalcoholic beverages, which originally had five ingredients
Origin:
पंच, a combination of five

Pundit
Meaning:
A learned scholar or priest
Origin:
पण्डित, a priest

Purdah
Meaning:
A custom among Muslims and some Hindus of seclusion of women from public observation
Origin:
परदा, veil, screen

Pyjama
Meaning:
Loose fitting trousers
Origin:
पैजामा, loose fitting trousers

Sari
Meaning:
A long piece of cloth that is wrapped around the body and head or shoulder
Origin:
साड़ी, a long piece of cloth that is wrapped around the body and head or shoulder

Sutra
Meaning:
A rule or aphorism in Sanskrit literature or a set of these grammar or Hindu law or philosophy
Origin:
सूत्र, thread, rule

Thug
Meaning:
A thief
Origin:
ठग, thief

Toddy
Meaning:
The fresh or fermented sap of Asian palms
Origin:
ताड़ी, juice of the palmyra palm

Veranda
Meaning:
A porch
Origin:
बरामदा, porch

Yoga
Meaning:
A Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which includes breath control, simple meditation and the adoption of specific body postures widely practiced for relaxation
Origin:
योग, ‘union’, referring to the union of the mind, body and spirit

If you know any other words borrowed from Hindi or Sanskrit, please let us know through the comments section below or email us at aditipansari@vibrantmusings.com

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